8.6. Starter


Fig. 7.18. Starter 42.3708: 1 – a cover from the drive; 2 – flood ring; 3 – persistent ring; 4 – castle ring; 5 – drive; 6 – anchor; 7 – case; 8 – brush; 9 – traverse; 10 – persistent washer; 11 – adjusting washer; 12 – lock washer; 13 – a cover from a collector;
14 – contact bolt; 15 – contact plate; 16 – relay cover; 17 – returnable spring; 18 – rod; 19 – relay anchor; 20 – the compensating spring; 21 – buffer spring; 22 – gear wheel; 23 – M5x14 screw; 24 – nut of a coupling hairpin; 25 – M6x16 screw; 26 – M8 nut; 27 – input of coils of the relay;
28 – M6x30 screw; 29 – lever; 30 – M8 nut; 31 – lever axis


Fig. 7.19. Scheme of inclusion of a starter: 1 – weights switch; 2 – accumulator battery; 3 – additional relay of a starter; 4 – switch (lock) of ignition; 5 – voltmeter; 6 – contact disk; 7 – the involving winding;
8 – the holding winding; 9 – traction relay of a starter; 10 – starter


The starter of 42.3708 (fig. 7.18) or 4211.3708–01 with the electromagnetic traction relay and the lever drive with the roller coupling of a free wheeling is established on the left side of the engine (on the car course). The scheme of inclusion of a starter is shown in fig. 7.19.

Specifications and characteristics of a starter
Direction of rotation..... right
Rated voltage, In..... 12
Power (at a power supply from the rechargeable battery with a capacity of 60 (And · w), kW (h.p)..... 1,2 (1,65)
Idling at 20 °C:
   the consumed current And, no more..... 75
   tension on starter plugs, In, no more..... 12
Frequency of rotation of a rotor, mines-1, not less..... 5000
Full braking at 20 °C:
   brake moment, kgf · m..... 1,6±0,16
   the consumed current, And, no more..... 520
   tension on starter plugs, In, no more..... 7

Periodically perform works on service of a starter:
1. Check a condition of clips, without allowing their pollution and weakening of fastening.
2. Remove the protection cover and examine a collector, if necessary eliminate malfunctions.
3. Open a cover 13 (see fig. 7.18) from a collector, examine and if necessary smooth out contact surfaces then blow compressed air.
4. If necessary tighten coupling bolts of the case of a starter.
5. Check fastening of a starter to a coupling case.
6. At operation of the car under trying conditions remove a starter for cleaning of the drive and the coupling of a free wheeling of dirt.
Through each 32 000 km of a run of the car perform the following works on service of a starter:
1. Remove a starter from the engine.
2. Check a condition of a collector and brushes. Make sure that the brush is not jammed in brush holders. With a height of brushes less than 6 mm replace them.
3. Sort a starter. Replace worn-out details.
4. At assembly oil bearings and pins of a shaft engine. Drive layers, fingers and an axis of the lever slightly grease the Shlitsevy part of a shaft, the plug with Litol-24 lubricant.